Significance of Eid ul Fitr
Eid means recurring happiness or festivity. The Eid prayer is very important for all Muslims. It has the merits of the daily prayer, the effect of the weekly conventions (Juma'ah) and the characteristics of annual reunions between Muslims.
Eid ul Fitr (the festival of Fast Breaking) falls on the first day of Shawwaal, the tenth month of Hijra year, following the month of Ramadan in which the Qur'an was revealed and which is the month of fasting.
The Islamic Eid is unique in every way. To them there can be nothing similar in any other religion or any other socio-cultural system. Besides their highly spiritual and moral characteristics they have matchless qualities. Each Eid is a wholesome celebration of a remarkable achievement of the individual Muslim in the service of Allah. Eid ul Fitr comes after an entire month of "absolute" fasting during the days of the month.
Eid a Thanksgiving Day
Each Eid is a thanksgiving day where the Muslims assemble in a brotherly and joyful atmosphere to offer their gratitude to Allah for helping them to fulfill their spiritual obligations prior to the Eid. This form of thanksgiving is not confined to spiritual devotion and verbal expression. It goes far beyond that to manifest itself in a handsome shape of social and humanitarian spirit.
The Muslims who have completed the fast of Ramadan express their thanks to Allah by means of distributing alms among the poor and needy.
The distribution of alms and oblations constitutes a major part of the Eid's highlights .This Islamic form of thanksgiving is a wholesome combination of spiritual devotion and humanitarian benevolence, a combination which cannot be found except in Islam.
Eid a day of remembrance
Each Eid is a day of remembrance. Even in their most joyful time the Muslims make a flesh stall of the day by a plural session of worship to Allah. They pray to Him and glorify His name to demonstrate their remembrance of His favours.
Along with that course they remember the deceased by prayer for their souls, the needy by extending a hand of help, the grieved by showing them sympathy and consolation, the sick by cheerful visits and utterances of good wishes, the absentees by cordial greetings and sincere considerateness. Thus the meaning of remembrance on the day transcends all limits and expands over far reaching dimensions of human life.
Eid a day of victory
Each Eid is a day of victory. The individual who succeeds in securing his spiritual rights and growth receives the Eid with victorious spirit.
The individual, who faithfully observes the duties which are associated with the Eid, is a triumphant one.
He proves that he holds a strong command over his desires exercises a sound self-control and enjoys the taste of disciplinary life.
And once a person acquires these qualities he has achieved his greatest victory, because the person who knows how to control himself and discipline his desires is free from sin and wrong, from fear and cowardice, from vice and indecency, from jealousy and greed, from humiliation and all other causes of enslavement. So when he receives the Eid which marks the achievement of this freedom, he is in fact celebrating his victory and the Eid thus becomes a day of victory.
Eid a harvest day
Each Eid is a harvest day. All the good workers in the service of Allah, all the faithful believers reap the fruits of their good deeds on the day as Allah grants His mercy and blessing abundantly.
The Islamic society on the other hand collect the due subscriptions to religious brotherhood and social responsibility, in which subscriptions are paid in the form of mutual love, sympathy and concern. Every member of the Islamic society will be reaping some fruits or collecting some revenue in one way or another.
Allah gives infinitely, especially to those who are sincerely concerned with general welfare of their fellow believers. These beneficiaries, who cannot give, will receive along with Allah's enormous grants, the contribution to their fellow benefactor. The haves and have-nots will all enjoy the providence of Allah in a most plural fashion, and the day will indeed be a good harvest day.
Eid a day of forgiveness
When a Muslim assemble in the congregation of the day, they all whole-heartedly pray for forgiveness and strength in faith and Allah has assured, those who approach Him with sincerity, of his mercy and forgiveness. In that pure assembly and highly spiritual congregation any true Muslim would feel ashamed of himself before Allah to hold any enmity or ill feelings toward his brethren.
A true Muslim would be deeply impressed by this brotherly and spiritual assembly and would overcome hid feting if he has been exposed to any. Consequently, he would find himself moving along with others responding to the spirit of the day to purify his heart and soul.
In any case he would forgive those who might have wronged him, because he himself would be praying for Allah's forgiveness and would do his best to acquire it. The spirit of this highly devotional assembly would teach him that if he forgives he will be forgiven. And when he forgives, the virtues of forgiveness will be mercifully exercised by Allah and widely exchanged between the Muslims and that marks the day as a day of forgiveness.
Eid a day of peace
Each Eid is a day of peace. When a Muslim establishes peace within his heart by obeying the law of Allah and leading a disciplinary life, he has certainly concluded a most inviolable treaty of peace with Allah. Once a person is at peace with Allah, he is at peace with himself and consequently with the rest of the universe. So when he celebrates the Eid in the right manner he is actually celebrating the conclusion of a peace treaty between himself and Allah and this marks the Eid as a day of peace.
This is the proper meaning of an Islamic Eid: a day of peace and thanksgiving, a day of forgiveness and moral victory. A day of good harvest and remarkable achievement and a day of festive remembrance. An Islamic Eid is all this and is much more, because it is a day of Islam, a day of Allah